TKT Module One

This module tests candidates’ knowledge of terms and concepts common in English language teaching. It also focuses on the factors underpinning the learning of English and knowledge of the range and functions of the pedagogic choices the teacher has at their disposal to cater for these learning factors. 

Part one: Describing language and language skills

This part of Module 1 tests candidates’ knowledge of the terms and concepts common in English language teaching that are used to describe language and its use, and language skills.
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Grammar
Grammar rules are a set of rules which control the composition of clauses, phrases and words. When words are arranged in a certain way and given meaning, the arrangement is called grammatical structures. The grammar rules are used to describe these structures.
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Lexis
Lexis means one or more words or sets of words that have a particular meaning, e.g. tree, sit down, last of all.
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Phonology
Phonology is one of several aspects of language. It is the study of sound features (e.g. phonemes, word stress, intonation and sentence stress) used to communicate meaning.
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Functions
Language and language use can be explained grammatically or lexically through functions. When we use functions in context, we elaborate on how the language is used and the meaning for those who are in that context.
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Reading
Reading, one of the four language skills: listening, reading, writing and speaking, is a receptive skill, which is similar to listening. We use reading to make sense of text. For this, it is necessary to be able to understand the language of the text at word level, sentence level and whole text level.
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Writing
Writing is another main skill of the four language skills which are listening, speaking, reading and writing. Writing and speaking are skills which deal with producing language more than obtaining it.
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Listening
Listening, like reading, is a receptive skill and is one of the four language skills. Listening is more responding to language than producing it and making a meaning of the language sounds. This is done by the use of context and our knowledge of the world as well as language.
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Speaking
Speaking, like writing, is a productive skill which requires using speech to convey messages to others.
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Part two: Background to language learning

This part of Module 1 tests candidates’ knowledge of factors underpinning the learning of English by speakers of other languages. It focuses on those learner characteristics which distinguish one learner or group of learners from another in terms of their learning and those which affect both what and how a teacher chooses to teach a class or an individual learner. It also tests candidates’ knowledge of aspects of the language learning process and their impact on teaching.
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Motivation
Motivation is the reason or reasons we have for acting or behaving in a certain way. It effects why someone makes a decision to do something, for how long the person wants to do it and how hard they are ready to work in order to get what they want.
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Exposure and focus on form
Throughout time there have been studies done on how people learn foreign languages. According to experts’ recent findings, one method that people use to study a foreign language is by exposure to that language.
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The role of error
Normally, students make mistakes when speaking or writing in English. We can separate these mistakes into errors and slips. Errors are when students attempt to say something that is too difficult for them or over their level of language processing.
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Learner characteristics
Every student is different from the other. Learner characteristics are differences between students. These differences influence the student’s attitude towards learning a language and also how they learn it.
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Noel Perera

Author / Trainer

Noel Perera has helped thousands of English learners, online and offline, during his 12+ years of coaching. His coaching includes wide variety of English language workshops for young adults, adults, teachers and business professionals. Noel Perera is a former IT student, whose IT career was crushed with a passion for English. Finding a new career path as an English language coach was destiny.

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